Originally Posted by tompritchett
I believe Tom has clearly articulated the nature of the arguments.
For those still insisting that the War was fought over slavery, I would respectfully suggest examination the Crittenden-Johnson Resolution, passed by Congress of the United States on July 25, 1861. Clearly, this is primary documentation from the period that states that the war WAS NOT being conducted for the purposes of [FONT='Verdana','sans-serif']"overthrowing or interfering with the rights or established institutions of those States,"[/FONT] but to "defend and maintain the supremacy of the Constitution and to preserve the Union." If we are to believe Congress, this citation is irrefutable evidence as to why the Union engaged in War with the South.
Lastly, there had been questions as to attempts by the South to negotiate a peaceful settlement and provide financial compensation to the North for Federal installations. Following the inauguration of President Davis on February 9, 1861, and by a Resolution of the Confederate Congress, a Peace Commission was sent to Washington DC to discuss an amicable resolution of the crisis and compensation for Federal installations in the Confederate states and payment of the South's pro rata portion of the National Debt. Unfortunately, Lincoln refused to meet with these individuals.
Terry from Occupied Baltimore
"As I stood upon the very scene of that conflict, I could not but contrast my position with his, forty-seven years before. The flag which he had then so proudly hailed, I saw waving at the same place over the victims of as vulgar and brutal a despotism as modern times have witnessed."
Francis Key Howard, Ft. McHenry 1861