Good points Kevin. I hope my post didn't imply that there were two PM's, a Fife Major, and or a Drum Major, and or a Chief Bugler in every infantry regiment. And definitely a full complement of these NEVER occurred.
No band, no 2nd PM.....
That's really the gist of the question on the AC....two Principals were authorized, what was their capacity? The answer is one for the FM, one for the Band. No band, no PM. No FM, no PM. In the absence of a PM, the SM gets the job.
Drum Major/Fife Major, if they existed in the regiment were simply another title for the Field Music's leader (Principal Musician), or Band leader (Principal Musician). We know of several Indiana Regiments that had 'Fife Majors' early on in the war.....they may have become extinct when the 90 days regiments disappeared. Drum Major is a title for the leader of a marching musical group...to this day.....football marching bands, Drum and Bugle Corps, Pipes bands, Mummer's Day parade, etc.
Even if bugler's were being used more as the war progressed, not all regimental level buglers became Chief Buglers or a PM.
Some regiment's had more than one chief bugler.
Dan Butterfield commended two buglers from a NY Regiment after the Gaines Mill battle for serving him well and bravely (the cite is in the OR) (so two Brigade Buglers not 1, not permanently attached to the Brigade staff).
I've often posted that the Iron Brigade had no infantry buglers that we know of.....the diaries speak of hearing a roll of the drums, or the tap of the drums, and they soon fell in line (they did have two artillery buglers in Gibbon's old battery). 83rd PA had 12 buglers early in the war. Musician's were tacit during the siege of Yorktown (they didn't play, Oliver Norton went back to being a Private and traded in his bugle for a rifle). 1st Mass Infantry had 11 buglers, et al. Major Blackford of the 5th AL sharpshooters would sound his own bugle on ocassion, and had a mess of buglers in his Rodes' Division sharpshooter/skirmisher unit. Colonel Cross didn't use a brigade bugler, instead he would grab the nearest regimental bugler and have him sound for the entire brigade (see Pfantz Second Day). We've got a picture of the 43rd MS with 9 buglers in the picture.
So absolutely, do your research when you portray any unit....find out what they wore, what condition it was in, what rifles they used, what sort's of music and musician's did they sing, play, march to, issue command's with.....
For example....we switch bugle types around based on which unit we're supposed to be bugling for.....and I became a free lance bugler for events/commanders instead of a 2nd Wisconsin Co. K member because it wasn't correct.
Horniste! Blas das Signal zum Angriffe!
"But in the end, it's the history, stupid. If you can't document it, forget about it. And no amount of 'tomfoolery' can explain away conduct that in the end makes history (and living historians) look stupid and wrong. "