For those of you who have a copy of the Pharmacy notes I created here is an update.
please replace #93 with the following:
93. Tinctura Opii et Camphorata Paregoric Elixir
DESCRIPTION: Brownish-green liquid
USE: antispasmodic, diarrhea, nausea
LOOK-ALIKE: (1830 and before): green sugar crystals, freeze dried coffee, licorice flavoring, peppermint oil and water (after 1830): water, unsweetened ice tea with a small dollop of honey for the flavoring.
Dose: One to two teaspoonfuls four times daily, or once every six hours (as needed).
Bethard, page 190:
Paregoric, (1715 to date) also known as Camphorae composita tinctura, Tinctura opii benzoica, and Paregoricum elixir in British pharmacopioeas, was a camphorated opium tincture prepared by cold maceration of powdered opium (4.3 grams), anise oil (3.8 grams), benzoic acid (3.8 grams), and camphor (3.8 grams) for five days, occasionally shaking, in diluted alcohol, (nine hundred milliliters) and glycerin (thirty-eight milliliters). The resulting concoction was filtered and enough alcohol added to make the total volume 950 milliliters. Paregoric was (and still is) used for diarrhea, stomach cramps and coughs. The usual dose is one to two teaspoonfuls four times daily. Paregoric has a bittersweet, licorice-like odor and taste. In frontier times it was a popular sugartit additive for colic in babies. . .
Parrish, page 151-2:
Camphorated Tincture of opium is made by dropping the opium as finely divided as its condition will admit of, and the benzoic acid, camphor, and oil of aniseed, into a suitable bottle , and pouring the diluted alcohol upon them; after standing for two weeks, with occasional agitation, the tincture is filtered and the honey is added to complete it. The chief use of paregoric is for children, to whom it is given in doses varying according to the age of the child from ten drops to a teaspoonful. The adult dose is stated on the table. [fʒj to f℥ss.]. It is used in mistura glycyrrhizae comp., and in other expectorant medicines.
This tincture, in the Pharmacopoeia of 1830, was directed tobe made with a portion of extract of liquorice , which, as it gave it a dark color, resembling that of laudanum, was substituted in the last two editions by honey. It has a rich brown color, and a rather agreeable aromatic taste.
You could say paregoric was the light beer of laudanum, because the medicine strength did not pack the same medicinal anodyne punch laudanum did. Paregoric is still available as a DEA Schedule II controlled substance. See 71. Pilulę Opii for more information on the effects of the opium in paregoric.
Updated 9-25-08 nwb.
Personally, I think the notes should be available to everyone, and everyone should be allowed to update them as needed. Harry Aycock is already working on adding the Confederate section for the medicines. All I ask is that you add your sources to the biblio, and sign your initials and the date at the bottom. Additionas and corrections can be posted here.
Still looking for medical staff for After the Battle
bluemasscat at yahoo.com