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roger
10-09-2011, 01:00 PM
are kepis worn by officers and bummers worn by enlisted? roger

Ross L. Lamoreaux
10-09-2011, 01:58 PM
Both styles were worn by both parties, depending upon the situation and means. First, lets clarify some: the term "bummers" is an overused, sutler-row inspired term for a "forage cap". The Federal army issued millions of forage caps to enlisted men throughout the war. Officers were required to purchase their own uniforms, and as such had a little more leeway to purchase caps or hats and their discretion. Many officers wore kepis, forage caps, hats, etc. Enlisted men also had the option to purchase headgear that conformed to military standards, so you will find some enlisted men of means wearing both styles as well. The forage cap was much more prevelant than the private purchase kepi, with the exception of units such as chassuers, some zuoave units, and some state units that were issued kepis as the standard enlisted headgear